National Fisherman

National Fisherman - July 2008


The error chain

Based on Transportation Safety Board of Canada reporting.

The circumstances surrounding the sinking of a Canadian fishing vessel off the northeast coast of Newfoundland in September 2005 and the loss of four of the eight crew constitute an error chain. That is a series of decisions or circumstances that separately may not be a threat to the vessel and crew. Combined, however, they can result in the loss of lives and the boat. As in this case, error chains may occur over the course of a few years, making them sometimes difficult to detect.

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Gulf/South Atlantic Mullet

Roe harvesters say conditions are right 
for good year, but the market is dicey

Fishermen looking to the 2008-09 mullet roe season are likely hoping it won't mimic the '07-08 season. There are plenty of fish, and the red tide wasn't much of a factor, finally, but the volatile roe market let them down.

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Grand canyons

The Freedom pursues lobsters in the deep water below Georges Bank

By John Lee

On the way out to the fishing grounds in early November, the Freedom rolls. The day before we leave, Hurricane Noel has torn across Georges Bank, moving quickly — it blows out fast, consumed by cold water. Behind Noel a swell moves like mirrored hills, up and down, in an offshore hypnosis.

The visibility stretches to the curves of the earth. In the wheelhouse, Marc Ducharme, fast nearing 50, plays his electric guitar. He plays it from Newport, R.I., all the way to Nantucket Lightship.

"I should've been in a band," says Ducharme as he rips a blues chord.

Ducharme, of Portsmouth, R.I., has been the Freedom's only captain. The boat was built in the 1980s. She's a steel 72-footer with a deep draft and a low profile. She has no outriggers or stabilizers, no shelter deck across her rails.

"When it blows, you know it," says David Dellinger, the 23-year-old mate from Kingstown, R.I., who's been with Ducharme for three years. "She's a wet boat, but a good sea boat."

Dellinger's father runs an offshore lobster boat, also out of Newport. Ever since he was 14, Dellinger's been lobstering, most of it offshore. He bypassed high school to begin the trade, and one day would like to own his own boat.

Ducharme sets his trawls (also called strings or sets) of pots near the southwest part of Georges Bank in a small area of the outer continental shelf, specifically Lydonia, Gilbert and Oceanographer canyons. He has been fishing these three canyons for 20 years. He doesn't leave them and go somewhere else. Instead, he holds his ground and waits for the run. As with the inshore lobster fishery, territory lines are unspoken but understood.

"These sets are too valuable to leave," he says.

The canyons are shaped like hooked fingers, and the canyon walls slope down like the side of a mountain. Ducharme sets along the contour lines, between 70 and 200 fathoms. When he sets his gear he keeps an eye on the fish finder and on the loran, trying to keep his mile-long trawl within the narrow plateau of terraced bottom.

He turns the Freedom hard to port, hard to starboard, setting with precision. Ducharme fishes 44 pots to a trawl. At one end is a buoy and at the other end is a buoy and a high flyer. The high flyer has a radar reflector so it can be found at night.

The basic idea aboard the Freedom is to haul and bait all the trawls in three days and then head home. Dock-to-dock trip length is about five days.

The right whale stuff

The endangered northern right whale is once again making news. The Washington Post reported on May 1 that the federal Office of Management and Budget had a year ago placed a hold on a rule that would require cargo ships to reduce speed to 10 knots at certain times and in certain places to lessen the likelihood of fatal collisions between boats and these endangered whales.

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New Yorker gets Maine netter; lobster boat racing looks wild

Earlier this year, Farrin's Boatshop in Walpole, Maine, started finishing off a 36-foot Wayne Beal hull as a spec boat. Well, it didn't take long before word got around and Rich Larocca, a Long Island, N.Y., fisherman bought the boat and had it finished off as a gillnetter.

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Inside the Industry

The Northeast Fisheries Science Center has announced that Dr. Jon Hare has been selected to serve as the permanent science and research director effective Oct. 31.

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It’s no secret that fraud is a problem in the seafood industry. Oceana repeatedly touts a mislabeling epidemic. While their method has been criticized, the perception of rampant fraud  has been established.

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