Jes Hathaway is the editor in chief of National Fisherman magazine and NationalFisherman.com.
Written by Jes Hathaway
Thursday, 09 January 2014
Earlier this week, Alaska's Lt. Gov. Mead Treadwell handed down a decision that a petition to ban urban setnets was in violation of the state constitution and therefore would not appear on a ballot.
As in most cases of attempted gear bans, this initiative was created under the guise of conservation but was in reality a fish grab. The Alaska Fisheries Conservation Alliance — backed by longtime sportfishing proponent Bob Penney — submitted the initiative in an effort to put commercial setnet quota into the hands of guided anglers. The basis of their claim is that setnets take fish indiscriminately, including the worrisome king salmon.
However, setnetters who would be affected by the ban harvest only 13 percent of the late-run king salmon in the Kenai River. Compounding the lack of urgency for a ban is the fact that Kenai kings are not a stock of concern under the state's rigorous management policies.
The ballot initiative, which would have benefited Alaska lodge owners, was not supported by most sportfishing groups. In fact, the Kenai Area Fishermen's Coalition (comprising mostly unguided anglers) submitted a letter to Treadwell opposing the initiative and claiming that it would damage critical relationships between sport and commercial interests.
According to many sources, Penney has suggested that he would like to reduce commercial fishing in favor of recreational fishing in Cook Inlet, which is the area that would have been immediately affected by the ban.
However, Alaska's Constitution does not allow resource reallocation to take place by voter initiative. Rather, the state prefers to leave those decisions to fishery managers, as it should. The riskiest effect of this initiative, however, is that it sets a precedent for single user groups to target allocation on a statewide basis.
This fish fight has been going on for decades, and most certainly is not over now. Cook Inlet setnetters are prepared for the long haul, as should be commercial fishermen across that state and the rest of the country.
Photo: Cook Inlet setnetters in Kasilof cruise to the beach in front of Redoubt. Photo by Amy GrannumAdd a comment Add a comment
Written by Jes Hathaway
Tuesday, 07 January 2014
As Lori French wrote for NF's February Dock Talk, fishermen have seemingly endless expressions for bad weather. The popularity of stories like "A Perfect Storm" would have us believe the biggest risks of fishing take place in bad weather. When in fact, the scariest prospect a fisherman can face is falling overboard. And if no one is around to see him fall, what are his chances of being rescued?
New York Times writer Paul Tough's retelling of Montauk, N.Y., fisherman John Aldridge's survival has caused more than a ripple of controversy in the fishing industry. The story itself of Aldridge's slip off the deck and subsequent (and miraculous) rescue is gripping and inspiring. But what exactly does it inspire? Fear? Hope? An impetus for change?
As former Coast Guardsman Mario Vittone wrote in his piece for gCaptain this week ("Trying very hard to die"), there seems to be a widespread acknowledgment of the dangers of fishing, yet very little effort to reduce the risk of those dangers. In fact, just a generation ago, fishermen widely accepted that if anything went wrong at sea, they would be lost. They didn't carry life rafts or EPIRBs or expect the Coast Guard to come to their rescue.
So in the grand scheme, the industry has come pretty far. That doesn't mean we don't have work to do. But changing a culture does not happen quickly. It happens slowly over generations. Fishermen are often born into the fishing industry. They fish because their fathers and grandfathers went fishing. That makes the culture of the industry not just pervasive from a community perspective but also nearly genetic. So even a small generational shift can require a lot of momentum.
The mistake Vittone and others make is comparing fishing to other maritime industries because they face similar risks by the virtue of being at sea. This is too simplistic a comparison to help solve the safety problem, and it makes fishermen easy to dismiss as cavalier and ignorant, essentially saying, they're the only ones who take these risks, so they must not care.
What makes the commercial fishing industry unique is that it is so varied. Commercial fishing boats have crews of 1 to 100 (and more). There are boat owners, fleet owners, greenhorns, deckhands; those who fish from the shore and those who fish hundreds of miles from shore; those who fish in warm waters year-round, and those who fish in cold water year-round. And, perhaps most importantly, you have those who fish with safety at the forefront and those who do not. But the dividing line is not necessarily education (though that does play a role). Economics is often a barrier, as well.
These variances make it nearly impossible to recommend a standard of safety to individual fishermen — except the use of a personal locator beacon and perhaps inflatable work vests. The one thing all boat-bound fishermen have in common is the low probability of surviving a fall overboard. If we really want to change the culture of safety in fishing, maybe we should find a way to subsidize or incentivize personal safety gear.
Many fishermen in this country are fishing right out straight, scraping to make ends meet. Those are the people most at risk for taking shortcuts and not investing in PLBs and flotation equipment. And honestly, can we blame them? Imagine asking a McDonald's cashier to invest $250 in protective gear on the slight chance that there's a grease fire in the kitchen behind them.
I don't make these comparisons to offer excuses. I make them to help people understand that resistance to change in the industry is not just cultural, it's economic as well. Many fishermen wonder what their future in fishing is literally from day to day. How can we expect them to make an investment in a murky future?
We ought to focus on clearing the air, rather than clouding the conversation with comparisons to other maritime industries. Most fishermen don't see themselves as a subsection of mariners. They see themselves as fishermen. If we want to continue the forward momentum of safety at sea, we have to make it easier for fishermen to understand the risks of not using safety gear and the benefits of investing in it.
Written by Jes Hathaway
Thursday, 02 January 2014
Ask 10 people to define a sustainable fishery, and you're likely to get 10 different answers. Some define it as one that is harvested at a sustainable rate, such that the fish population does not decline over time as a result of fishing practices. How lovely would it be if we understood so much about the oceans that we could actually tell with little doubt when the effects of biomass change were strictly the result of fishing or some other factor?
When it comes to U.S. fisheries, overall we're doing well, despite the lack of a consistent definition of what exactly it is that we're striving to achieve. But where we're failing, we're failing in a tremendously damaging way.
The Center for Sustainable Fisheries — led by Dr. Brian Rothschild, former Rep. Barney Frank and former New Bedford, Mass., Mayor Scott Lang — is seeking to reverse those damages by rewriting the National Standards in the Magnuson-Stevens Act. The aim is to focus on improving data and finding a better balance between sustaining fish populations and the communities that depend on those resources.
In New England, entire communities of fishermen are on the precipice (or beyond) as a result of poorly managed groundfish and shrimp stocks. People who don't understand all the intricacies of the groundfish fishery like to blame the fishermen for overfishing and call it a day.
But the fishery has been federally managed for decades, and in those decades, it has declined steadily. Also in those decades, many other fisheries have recovered from population depletion — as a result of management changes, habitat improvement, climatic shifts and in some cases dumb luck.
New England groundfish stands as an icon for fisheries management failures. We clearly did not fully understand the effects of the fleets foreign trawlers on our stocks before we kicked them to the curb nearly 40 years ago. We clearly did not understand the effects of improved fishing technology and federally incentivized fish-boat-building loans that encouraged any Tom, Dick or Harry to build a boat and go fishing. We most certainly did not understand the nature of spiny dogfish — cod's top competitor for resources — when we protected it from so-called overfishing and sent its numbers soaring to unmanageable highs, meanwhile strangling the market for the now Marine Stewardship Council-certified fishery.
We did not understand how significantly any one of these factors would hamstring the New England groundfish fishery. And now we're asking entire fishing communities to pay for our failures by effectively shutting down their source of livelihood. And why? Because we have clear data that shows the state of the stocks? No, that we don't have. If we did, the shuttering would be a bitter but tolerable pill to swallow. All we have is our best guess and a draconian federal law that says since the management system didn't find a way to turn around decades of damage in the span of 10 years, then the fishing communities have to pay for the lack of results.
Those same communities that followed the rules year in and year out, watching the slow contrition with little source of hope, now find that they're paying a terrible price despite their efforts to do the right thing.
And yet, even with a declared federal disaster, there is little sympathy for the region's fishermen. Many of them have relied on the winter Northern shrimp fishery to make up a little for the lack of access to groundfish. But this year, that fishery has been shut down entirely, largely because warming waters have hampered reproduction.
Sustaining New England's historic fishing communities will have to come from the first definition of the word: capable of being supported or upheld, as by having its weight borne from below.
In times of great need, we have to support our fishing communities, either from above or below. I hope efforts to sustain all of America's fishing fleets will lead to some changes in the Magnuson-Stevens Act that can strike a better balance and establish the groundwork for a truly sustainable industry.
Written by Jes Hathaway
Friday, 20 December 2013
For those of you who love fishing, being in the backwoods and men with beards, Animal Planet is prepared to help you ring in the New Year with glee.
Beginning on Thursday, Jan. 2, "Cold River Cash" will follow three teams of Maine elver (baby eel) fishermen through eight episodes as they bring new meaning to the term "making bank."
As NF Assistant Editor Melissa Wood found when she visited the northeast corner of the state during the same season the show was being filmed, there is a lot of money to be made in elvers. And there's a good bit of lawlessness, too. With a fishery that takes place overnight on Maine's rural riverbanks, and a catch that yields as much as $2,000 a pound, the elver fishery is known for poaching, robbery and warden raids.
This season's teams are the Maineiacs, from Scarborough — Lee Leavitt, his son Jason Leavitt and Jason's brother-in-law Mike Bradley; the Eelinators, from Brunswick — brothers Dana and Chris Hole and their friend, Ken Cornelison (the three brought in $600,000 during one eel season); and the Grinders, from Hebron — brothers Chad and Justin Jordan.
If you can't wait until Jan. 2, check out Melissa's slide show of her elver adventure, and an excerpt from her feature in the magazine.
Happy New Year, and happy fishing!
Written by Jes Hathaway
Thursday, 19 December 2013
This week, Coast Guard Petty Officer Third Class Travis Obendorf died after he was injured while assisting a disabled fishing boat in Alaska's Bering Sea near Amak Island.
I write often about the sacrifices fishermen make for their work and the fact that they put their lives on the line every day to bring food to our tables. Members of the Coast Guard put their lives on the line to bring fishermen home when no one else can.
Obendorf was serving on the Coast Guard cutter Waesche, which was helping to evacuate nonessential crew of the 166-foot catcher-processor Alaska Mist on Nov. 11 before the cutter towed the fishing boat to safety. Obendorf was injured during the evacuation and was air-lifted first to Anchorage and later transferred to Seattle, where he died after surgery and surrounded by his family.
“Petty Officer Obendorf’s selfless actions directly contributed to rescuing five mariners in distress. His willingness to assist others, even amidst the dangerous environment of the Bering Sea, truly embodies the Coast Guard’s core values,” said Waesche’s commanding officer, Capt. John McKinley. “Travis will be sadly missed.”
My thoughts are with Travis Obendorf's family and friends as they navigate a difficult passage this Christmas and new year. Many thanks to the Coast Guard for making the ocean a safer place to work.
Photo: Coast Guard cutter Waesche crew evacuates nonessential crew members from the disabled catcher-processor Alaska Mist on the Bering Sea near Amak Island, Alaska, Nov. 11; U.S. Coast GuardAdd a comment Add a comment
Written by Jes Hathaway
Tuesday, 10 December 2013
I read the opening lines of New York fisherman Mark Lofstad's rescue at sea story with a familiar sense of wonder and fear. What must it be like to recognize that you're in the situation of having to place a distress call? How long must the minutes feel as they tick by when you're awaiting rescue that may or may not come in time? These are the questions I ask myself when I read any survival tale.
With the help of other fishing boats, the Coast Guard came to the rescue for Lofstad and his crew on the F/V Tradition. If only the feds had the same sense of urgency to rescue the entire industry and with it an American tradition that has been set adrift in many ways.
I know some advocates of finfish aquaculture say their business models will offer fishermen a job to turn to when their fisheries can't support their livelihoods anymore. But some of those same businesses consistently contaminate the waters that support wild fisheries.
And as we look down the barrel at FDA-approved Frankenfish salmon, we can no longer deny the brave new world we face. The final frontier isn't out there, in the endless ether of the universe. Rather it's microscopic — contained in the perils of a petri dish. But its possibilities are no less immeasurable. We hold the future in our hands.
Tradition has been set adrift, but it's not underwater, yet. The question is whether rescue will come in time.
Illustration: Artist's rendering of a successful rescue at sea; USCGAdd a comment Add a comment
Written by Jes Hathaway
Thursday, 05 December 2013
Anytime we mention our Crew Shots issue, we get an outpouring of positive feedback and an influx of new photos.
I'd like to keep it that way. The health of our fisheries and working waterfronts is at stake every day. As Congress continues the process of examining, holding hearings on and reauthorizing the Magnuson-Stevens Act, your livelihoods will be on the chopping block.
Our January issue features a Dock Talk written by Jim Kendall, a board member at the Center for Sustainable Fisheries, explaining the center's mission to preserve "our nation's fishery resources through conservation measures as well as promoting economic development for the fishing economy through the use of science."
Dr. Brian Rothschild, president and CEO of the Center for Sustainable Fisheries, Montgomery Charter Professor Emeritus of the University of Massachusetts School for Marine Science and Technology and 2012 NF Lifetime Achievement Award Winner, was our keynote speaker at Pacific Marine Expo this year.
In his speech, he recommended rewriting the Magnuson Act so that its enforcement could more accurately target problems in fishery management. Rothschild said that when the act was implemented, it was widely believed that all 10 national standards would be enforced equally. But since then, National Standard 1 — preventing overfishing and maintaining optimum yield — has been enforced as the top priority.
Not only does Rothschild want to rewrite the act to whittle down the National Standards from 10 to five, but he wants to focus on improving the science used to manage fisheries. Better data would provide managers with a clearer picture not only of the state of fisheries but of the socioeconomic effects of fisheries on their communities.
It's an idea whose time has come. For more information, please visit the Center for Sustainable Fisheries and continue to follow our coverage here and in the magazine.
Written by Jes Hathaway
Tuesday, 26 November 2013
When I was growing up in Georgia, I always enjoyed Thanksgiving. But it wasn't until I moved to New England and began to celebrate the holiday at a sprawling Colonial home with massive fireplaces, bittersweet wreaths and snowy walks that I began to understand the feel of the holiday. The classic New England dishes suddenly made sense, though I would never celebrate without my mom's famous pecan pie.
I've been enjoying Thanksgiving at the same house for many years now, catching up with family and always meeting a new friend or welcoming a new member of the family. That's how I feel every year when I find myself in Seattle for Pacific Marine Expo. While the show is a whirlwind for many of us, I just love the opportunity to catch up with old friends and make new ones, ogle the engines and find out what's new in gear.
The Expo closed on Friday after a bustling three days on the show floor, in conference sessions and after hours at a plethora of industry events. I've been to eight Expos, but none compares with this year. The Pacific Northwest and Alaska are absolutely booming with fishing, boatbuilding and outfitting. Check out our slideshow for images from the show floor.
On Wednesday, Brian Rothschild, president and CEO of the Center for Sustainable Fisheries, delivered a groundbreaking keynote address on reforming (rewriting) the Magnuson-Stevens Act. Thursday's Boatyard Day was thoroughly entertaining, beginning with roundups of the year's best fish boats and workboats and ending with a fantastic address on the future of West Coast boatbuilding by Frank Foti, president and CEO of Vigor Industrial.
Friday began for me with a three-hour Profitable Harvest conference that yielded critical information for growing your business in this changing industry. The show floor, meanwhile, swayed to the poetic stylings of the Fisher Poets, followed by the Fisherman of the Year contest. Reid Ten Kley took the top prize again this year.
We hope to see you again next year. Have a happy Thanksgiving!
Written by Leslie Taylor
Wednesday, 20 November 2013
The editors of National Fisherman and WorkBoat welcome you to the 46th annual Pacific Marine Expo. Make sure you hit the floor running this year, because the show is bigger than ever. For three days under one roof, you’ll find a bounty of boats, gear and events designed just for you.
Today’s conference sessions include a keynote address from fishery scientist Brian Rothschild, ABS initiatives in safe shipping and a roundup of fishermen’s wives on how to stay grounded in the fishing industry.
Stop by booth 614 to say hello and take advantage of our show subscription special — just $10 for a year of National Fisherman!
Written by Jes Hathaway
Wednesday, 13 November 2013
I was having a conversation with someone the other day about China's one-child policy. He was saying, essentially, that the ramifications for not following the policy are so steep that only the richest Chinese families can afford to have more than one child, and the rest of the people live in fear of being jailed, fined beyond their means or the unmentionably worse.
The problem is that China uses the stick instead of the carrot to sway its citizens to comply. Instead of creating an incentive for the people to follow the policy, it simply punishes them for not following it. We manage fisheries (and many industries) the same way. Perhaps at one time it seemed justified to flail fleets with drastic measures. But we now live in a time of primarily flourishing fisheries.
It seems the species that still need some work are the only ones that get any press. I saw a headline this week, "Kings left out of Alaska's salmon boom." Four species are going like gangbusters, and we can only focus on the one that isn't. What gives? I'll tell you, it's the stick.
What this industry needs is incentives. With the right motivation, we can keep fishermen fishing for a real living wage while keeping the fisheries within acceptable levels of biomass and bycatch.
Instead of forcing fishermen to buy into a single fishery through a quota system (imagining that they would be proper stewards of the resource if they were specifically invested in it — the fallacy there being the assumption that they weren't stewards of the resource already), why not create incentives for them to move from fishery to fishery, and therefore, always have a healthy stock to fish?
Reducing effort doesn't always bring back a species. Sometimes environmental conditions create or reinforce a stock's depletion. But if fishermen have some other fishery to fall back on, then the fishermen will have the best chance of surviving in the long term, and so will their stocks.
And more than anything, we must recognize that the ocean is a complicated place. If we are going to punish commercial fishermen for everything that happens there, then we all might as well get used to the taste of fish farmed in inland ponds. Bad press is fodder for endless lawsuits and legislation from private groups and business owners who seek to take advantage of the mainstream image and alienate fishermen even further.
Sport-fishing interests last week did just that and are petitioning to ban setnets in urban areas of Alaska and hand over more king salmon quotas to recreational fishermen. Fishermen across the country faced and are facing net bans as a result of sport fishing interests appealing ostensibly to conservationists but in reality are attempting to reallocate commercial catches to recreational fishermen. Where is the conservation in reallocation of the same fish? It's not about conservation. It's about perception.
National Fisherman, NOAA, the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute and others are working to educate the public about what makes commercial fishing valuable to our national economy and to the health of its citizens as well as making the industry more user-friendly. Please join us for Profitable Harvest at Seattle's Pacific Marine Expo next Friday, Nov. 22, as we start to move this mission forward.
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The American Fisheries Society is honoring recently retired Florida Institute of Oceanography director Bill Hogarth with the Carl R. Sullivan Fishery Conservation Award — one of the nation's premier awards in fisheries science - in recognition of his long career and leadership in preserving some of the world's most threatened species, advocating for environmental protections and leading Florida's scientific response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.Read more...
The Marine Stewardship Council has appointed Eric Critchlow as the new U.S. Program Director. Critchlow will be based in the MSC US headquarters in Seattle. He is a former vice president of Lusamerica Foods and has over 35 years in the seafood industry.Read more...