Jes Hathaway is the editor in chief of National Fisherman magazine and NationalFisherman.com.
Tuesday, 11 November 2014
Here we go again.
Yesterday NOAA announced that it will completely close areas of the Gulf of Maine to cod fishing for at least the next six months. It just so happens that those areas are frequented by the day-boat fleet out of Gloucester, Mass., a port that was already struggling and will again take the brunt of the regulatory shift.
The New England cod fishery continues to stand as the case study for keeping the Magnuson Act status quo or tweaking it to give managers more leeway to balance the protection of struggling fleets and struggling stocks. However, given the lack of transparency in the current process of cod management, it seems unlikely that even with broader options the managers would be inclined to give Gloucester’s small-boat fleet any slack.
According to a statement released by the Northeast Seafood Coalition, NOAA already is not maintaining baseline measures to protect the community: “Putting the lack of transparency surrounding the recent Gulf of Maine cod assessment aside, the measures being offered by the agency do not strike a balance between conservation and community interests as required under law.”
For years, New England fishery managers have said their hands are simply tied by the confines of the law. They must take more and more drastic measures to protect the species as long as its numbers are stalled out. And yet, cooperative research continues to contend that NOAA’s assessments are flawed and that its approach to cod management goes overboard.
The fact remains that no matter how strict the controls are, the NOAA data shows limited recovery. So it would seem that fishing is not the problem.
If we can’t point to fishing as the cause, then why are we continually restricting fishing as if those measures can solve the problem?
The only reasonable next step is to work with fishermen and scientists to better determine the actual health of the stock and uncover the source of its decline. Many fishermen blame the protections managers put on dogfish that coincided with a precipitous cod decline. The two species compete for resources, and dogfish have been shown to be far more prolific and resourceful than are cod fish.
And yet, as far as management goes, the answer is always the same: cut back on the fishermen who are already hardly fishing cod.
And now it appears we will have to ban fishing altogether and put more working fishermen out of business to prove to ourselves that fishing is not the problem.
The question is who will take the blame when the fishermen are gone?
Tuesday, 04 November 2014
Over the weekend, tragedy struck in many parts of Maine. The most disastrous fire in the state in more than 50 years killed five young people in Portland. A car accident claimed two men under the age of 20. The loss of the Cushing-based lobster boat No Limits near Matinicus Island left skipper Chris Hutchinson wondering if his two missing crewmen would ever be recovered.
In a state with a population hovering right around a million, these losses are felt deeply through many communities statewide. Like the fishing industry, our people are closely connected.
Unlike a building fire or a car accident, the scenes of which can be searched and analyzed repeatedly until the investigators think they have gotten all the information they can glean, the loss of a boat at sea often remains a mystery unless there’s a survivor.
In “Fixing fatal flaws” on page 44 of our December issue, which you can pick up at Pacific Marine Expo in Seattle Wednesday-Friday, Nov. 19-21, Boats & Gear Editor Michael Crowley writes about the new Coast Guard safety regulations coming down the pike as a result of the reauthorization act of 2010.
The biggest advantage to the new regulations, which will include boat inspections, is that the requirements could be defined fishery by fishery to best suit fleets in different parts of the country. What happened on the No Limits remains to be seen. The skipper survived because he found his way to his life raft and managed to fire a flare when it counted. Although the new Coast Guard regulations would not apply to the No Limits (it being less than 50 feet and operating within three miles), the fact that the lobster boat had a full suite of safety gear is a result of a wave of change in the industry.
Let’s hope the new regulations continue to make these kinds of positive changes for commercial fishermen without exacting too heavy a burden on many struggling sectors. We can’t put a price on survival, but surviving includes being able to run your business in the face of changing regulations.
Tuesday, 28 October 2014
Last weekend, two New Hampshire fishermen who also star on National Geographic’s “Wicked Tuna” helped to rescue the two-man crew of the Miss Sambuca off of Gloucester, Mass.
When Tyler McLaughlin, skipper of the Pin Wheel, and his first mate Stephen Field arrived on the scene, one of the crew members of the sinking boat was still onboard trying unsuccessfully to inflate a life raft. The other fisherman was already in the water. His survival suit was taking on water, and he had broken his sternum.
I have said many times that whether or not you like fishing reality shows, they draw attention to the dangers of the profession, as well as the reality of the way wild fish gets from the sea to the shore. While entertaining (and sometimes in a way that makes other fishermen roll their eyes), they also educate the mainstream viewer.
For the average person, these incidents are eye-opening and hopefully help them see fishermen and the seafood on their plate with different eyes.
I will never forget the first man-overboard scene I witnessed from the warm comfort of my living room couch. It was the third season of the “Deadliest Catch.” The crew of the Time Bandit helped to pull aboard a crew member from another boat. In the Bering Sea, survival times are frighteningly short, but hypothermia is a risk for every U.S. fisherman.
If you follow fishing news with any regularity, you know at-sea rescues are not uncommon. Time spent in the water often means the difference between death and survival. Today there was a press conference at 10 a.m. in Portland, Ore., to oppose the loss of Newport’s Coast Guard search and rescue helicopter.
The town of Newport got the emergency helicopter after the 1985 capsizing of the F/V Lasseigne in which three fishermen died of hypothermia in less time than it would take a rescue crew coming from the next available Coast Guard station to reach the fishing area. Let’s hope it doesn’t take another tragedy to bring back Newport’s rescue helo. Not every fisherman is as lucky as were the crew members of the Miss Sambuca to have a good Samaritan vessel within range to come to their aid.
Tuesday, 21 October 2014
No these fish won't be dressed up for Halloween, but over the last week, the bluefin tuna catch off of Massachusetts’ Cape Ann has been earning its wicked title. According to a story in the Gloucester Daily Times, an area of Jeffreys Ledge hosted roughly 75 boats early last week, with some veteran fishermen describing it as the best fishing they’ve seen in 10 years.
The good news for us is that the Japanese market has softened a bit, so domestic fishermen are selling more of their catch to the American market. That means it’s even easier to satisfy your hankering for sushi-grade tuna without compromising your commitment to sustainable fisheries.
According to the results of a recent scientists' meeting of the International Committee for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, that commitment may get even easier in the years to come. The most recent study of the Mediterranean bluefin stock indicates that management efforts have been successful. The stock may soon be recovered to sustainable levels, a remarkable feat.
Like many large-scale global fisheries, loopholes in the bluefin’s traceability leaves it exposed to illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing. ICCAT’s efforts to close those loopholes will be key to turning the tide of public perception. In the meantime, don’t be spooked to ask for Wicked Tuna.
Thursday, 16 October 2014
Last week, Jerry Fraser and I both wrote about the potential loss of the Coast Guard search-and-rescue helicopter in Newport, Ore. As I mentioned, a public forum with the Coast Guard is scheduled to take place in Newport at 5:30 on Oct. 20 at the community college.
However, the Coast Guard has announced that they are no longer planning to attend the hearing. What that means for the hundreds of commercial fishermen and other boaters in the area and their hope that they might convince the Coast Guard to reinstate the MH-65 remains to be seen.
As of Nov. 30 — the opening day of the Dungeness crab season — Newport and Charleston, S.C., are both on the Coast Guard’s chopping block as a result of budget cuts. The closure of the Charleston Air Facility will save the Coast Guard $6 million a year. Two other helicopters in the region will be reassigned, which reportedly leaves just three helicopters — one in the air and two on stand-by — for an area covering nearly 600 miles, from the North Carolina state line to Melbourne Beach, Fla.
We all understand tight budgets, but these cuts are putting lives at risk. Gone are the days of lead-lined boots that help you sink fast in the event of a sinking or fall overboard. We’ve changed the fishing culture to incorporate a higher expectation of survival, and that includes improving the use of Coast Guard-approved safety gear. Fishermen are increasingly responsible for their survival — as much as they reasonably can be — spending more of their own meager budgets on PLBs, inflatable vests and emergency lights.
We have to press the Coast Guard to ensure that these efforts toward improving fishing safety continue to make it worthwhile for fishermen to invest in their own safety. The Coast Guard must continue to do its best to fulfill the pledge that if a fisherman survives an event at sea, they might be rescued in a reasonable — and survivable — amount of time.
If you can, I encourage you to attend the forum in Newport. And please take a moment to sign this petition to keep the Newport helicopter.
You can also contact the Coast Guard by writing a letter to:
Adm. Paul Zukunft
U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters
2100 2nd St. S.W. STOP 7000
Washington, D.C. 20593-7000
Thursday, 09 October 2014
As always, I am enjoying gathering your onboard photos for our upcoming Crew Shots issue. This year again we requested shots of your crew on deck wearing their PFDs or other safety gear.
But access to timely rescue is another key factor in crew safety. One week ago, the Coast Guard announced plans to close its air station in Newport, Ore., and transfer its MH-65 Dolphin helicopter 95 miles south to North Bend, Ore., as of Nov. 30.
According to state Rep. David Gomberg, the move would delay response times to Newport, Waldport and Depoe Bay by about an hour. This year the Newport air station responded to 40 distress calls via helicopter and saved lives in at least five cases. This area hosts nearly 250 commercial fishing boats, including many Dungeness crabbers, one of the deadliest fisheries in the country.
I know fishermen across the country are grateful for the men and women of the U.S. Coast Guard who put their lives at risk to help the crews of at-risk fishing boats. This is in no way a criticism of the Coast Guard and the valuable work they do. However, this decision is literally a life and death matter for hundreds of commercial fishermen.
Tomorrow, Oregon’s delegation staff will meet with Coast Guard representatives in Washington, D.C., and there will be a public forum with the Coast Guard in Newport at 5:30 on Oct. 20 at the community college.
You can sign the petition to keep the air station open or write a letter to:
Admiral Paul Zukunft
US Coast Guard Headquarters
2100 2nd St. SW STOP 7000
Washington DC 20593-7000
Thursday, 14 August 2014
Jerry Schill stepped back into the center ring in April when he took back the helm of the North Carolina Fisheries Association, a trade association that represents commercial fishermen, seafood dealers and processors.
Schill had stepped down in 2005 and had since held the position of interim executive director. But now that he’s back, he’s committed to reenergizing the voice of the association.
And that’s exactly what he’s done so far.
Just last week, the association (and the affiliated Carteret County Fishermen’s Association) filed suit against the state and federal governments for failing to enforce the Endangered Species Act in the protection of sea turtles.
The complaint states that while commercial fishermen have been required to adhere to a number of measures in efforts to protect sea turtles, the defendants have failed to take any action to prevent the illegal takes of sea turtles in the recreational hook and line fishery.
These lawsuits, not unlike the suit Gulf of Mexico snapper fishermen recently won, is one way the commercial fishing industry has of fighting back against the endless slate of NGO lawsuits that seek to hamper commercial fishing under the guise of straw-man protective measures.
If we want to preserve both healthy fisheries and healthy oceans, we have to accept the bottom line that we all have the same goal. We cannot have any sort of balance between healthy local seafood and healthy seas by allowing frivolous lawsuits to threaten fisheries, especially when the easy targets are the family-friendly small-boat fleets (the fisheries that provide the bulk of the seafood you find in your local stores and restaurants).
We have to decide what our values are, and despite what Oceana and many other supposedly altruistic organizations would have the public believe, the answers are not simple. We have to work together, and we need our management agencies to apply the rules fairly to all sectors.
Thursday, 07 August 2014
Unsettling news out of British Columbia this week comes at the wrong time for Fraser River salmon, but perhaps just the right time for Bristol Bay. This week, the recently beleaguered Fraser River in British Columbia sees the beginning of a projected record run of sockeye salmon. Sadly, Fisheries and Oceans Canada predicts that roughly 1 million to 3 million of those projected 23 million returning fish will have to swim through the toxic runoff of a tailings pond breach from the Mount Polley mine in the next couple of weeks.
This breach also happens to coincide with the opening of public comments on EPA’s latest effort to halt Pebble Mine in the name of clean water before we run the risk of a tailings pond breech in Alaska’s Bristol Bay.
We use our monthly Northern Lights column as a venue to spread the word of what’s happening in Alaska fisheries because Alaska is the source of half of the nation’s wild fish, and the state is often at the forefront of the industry. But being an industry leader is not always about the money you’re hauling in, the efficiencies you’re creating or the strides you’re making in management.
In the case of Bristol Bay, we’ve seen hundreds of small-boat fishermen band together to create a remarkable grassroots campaign that has gone to great lengths to preserve the fishery. For our September issue, Dr. Nina Schlossman writes about a massive donation of canned pink salmon to communities in the Philippines devastated by Super Typhooon Haiyan (or Yolanda). The donation provided nearly a million servings of pink salmon to more than 100,000 people. Read the full story in “Following pinks to the Philippines” on page 6 of our September issue.
To his credit, Alaska Gov. Sean Parnell got the ball rolling on this project and turned to the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute’s Global Food Aid Program to facilitate the donation. It’s a great example of what fishermen, seafood companies and governments can do to give back. Unfortunately, Parnell does not see eye to eye with fishermen when it comes to protecting the very fisheries that provide jobs in perpetuity — for Alaskans and beyond — and the ability to make these kinds of donations.
Parnell has never been supportive of Bristol Bay fishermen’s drive to protect their watershed — the home of the world’s largest sockeye run — from the threat of Pebble Mine at the federal level. In fact, he recently hired a former Pebble Partnership spokesman as his top fisheries adviser. We may soon have firsthand knowledge of how dangerous the tailings from toxic mine waste can be for a wild sockeye run. Is that likely to encourage the governor to change his tune?
Thursday, 31 July 2014
The latest salvo in the battle over Pebble Mine comes from an interesting corner of Alaska fish politics. Gov. Sean Parnell’s outgoing fisheries adviser, Stephanie Moreland, is making way for new appointee Ben Mohr.
For six years, Mohr was the public information specialist for the Pebble Partnership, the company behind Pebble Mine. Most recently he worked as a campaign manager for Republican U.S. Senate candidate Dan Sullivan, who worked as the Alaska commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources and was a Pebble proponent in that role.
Parnell did not exactly win fishermen’s hearts and minds with his position in support of the Pebble Partnership and his vocal opposition to EPA’s authority. However, I’m sure many Alaskans could overlook Mohr’s history if Parnell had put him in an advisory position for any other industry or resource in the state. There are plenty in the Last Frontier who believe the state should have the authority to fulfill its permitting process (though that process is known to have considerable flaws when it comes to denying any resource extraction based on environmental concerns).
So the question is: What exactly makes Mohr an expert in fisheries or public policy for that matter? The closest he’s been is his work for a private company that fought so hard to put one of the world’s largest fisheries into a precarious position.
Given EPA’s recent actions to put the final nail in Pebble’s coffin, perhaps the governor is thumbing his nose at those who called to prevent the mine’s construction at a federal level, in a sense, going over the governor’s head. Or perhaps he simply believes Mohr is qualified for the job. It’s hard to know because the governor’s office has posted no press release on the appointment, nor has Parnell commented publicly.
It comes as no surprise that Mohr’s appointment was announced late last week. The closer political news falls to the weekend, the less likely it is to get a full lashing from the press.
I contacted the governor’s office, which put me through to a voicemail for his press contacts. I did not receive a call back before this went live.
Thursday, 24 July 2014
This week, an Alaska Superior Court Judge overturned the state’s decision to reject a ballot initiative that proposed to ban setnets in urban areas of the state.
The group seeking the initiative represents a very small segment of the sportfishing population in the Cook Inlet area (most of the charter and recreational groups are not supportive of the initiative). But the real danger is the possibility of setting a heretofore unseen precedent that allows the reallocation of a public resource to be decided by a statewide vote (which is not allowed under the Alaska Constitution). Until now, that process has been in the hands of the state’s very well-informed fishery managers.
Judge Catherine Easter agreed with the Alaska Fisheries Conservation Alliance that the ballot initiative simply bans a gear type. She went on to say that the initiative “eliminates the fishery in order to target a specific user group.”
So the fine line is that you can be a commercial salmon fisherman without using gillnets. Therefore, the ballot initiative is allowable because it only bans a gear type of a user group and not that user group altogether.
Yet, when you try to ban a small-boat fleet that has used the gear type for generations, you are, indeed, attempting to eliminate a historical user group.
And when you look at what’s happening in Oregon’s Columbia River, it’s plain to see that attempting to replace one gear type with another is not as easy as it may seem.
In 2012, the Coastal Conservation Association successfully wooed Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber, and he proposed that the state ban salmon gillnetters from the main stem of the Columbia River with the hopes (yes, a wing and a prayer came before adequate understanding) that despite years of testing seines, they would somehow find them to be far more selective than gillnets in catching wild salmon (as opposed to those released from hatcheries).
What they have found is high mortality rates among the species they hope to conserve.
What will be the long-term result? No one can say for sure, but we will be following the first round of the official commercial seine test fishery come fall. Stay tuned.
Page 2 of 33
National Fisherman Live: 1/27/15
In this episode:
Assessment: Atlantic menhaden is not overfished
Bering Sea pollock fishery casts off
Dock to Dish opens Florida’s first CSF
Second wave of disaster funds for Alaska
Fisherman lands N.C.’s largest bluefin ever
The Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute is still seeking public review and comment on the Alaska Responsible Fisheries Management Conformance Criteria (Version 1.2, September 2011). The public review and comment period, which opened on Dec. 3, 2014, runs through Monday, Feb. 3.
NOAA, in consultation with the Department of the Interior, has appointed 10 new members to the Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee. The 20-member committee is composed of individuals with diverse backgrounds and experience who advise the departments of commerce and the interior on ways to strengthen and connect the nation's MPA programs. The new members join the 10 continuing members appointed in 2012.