The Sorting Table features stories from National Fisherman contributors and guest bloggers.
Written by Samuel Hill
On Aug. 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast.
It was the costliest natural disaster on record, causing an estimated $108 billion in damages, and was one of the top deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States, causing at least 1,245 fatalities.
“I have sunk in boats before with 80, 90 mile-per-hour winds, I never had to fight like I had to fight this,” said veteran New Orleans fisherman Pete Gerica in the November 2005 issue of National Fisherman. Gerica was in his home when the hurricane destroyed it. He towed his family through the flood and climbed into trees nearby where they remained for seven hours before being rescued.
Days after the hurricane hit, the Department of Commerce declared the entire Gulf of Mexico to be a fishery failure. Each gulf state lost millions of harvest dollars and only a fraction commercial fishery facilities were fully operational in the following years.
Fishermen were immediately concerned for the future and started to hatch a game plan.
“It’s going to take some time to piece it all together; we’ve got our work cut out for us,” said Ewell Smith, the director of the Louisiana Seafood Promotion and Marketing Board, in that same issue.
The industry was ready to fight for their place in the market, while consumers were turning away.
“We are still begging American people to eat American wild-caught shrimp. Our industry is on its knees and we need the American people to help us,” said Robert J. Samanie, a Louisiana shrimp processor and member of the Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Commission.
With the deck stacked against them, fishermen and processors were still optimistic.
“The strength of the commercial fishermen in the United States is more strong than a hurricane or foreign imports,” said Samanie. “Make sure people know we’re down, but we’re not out.”
As soon as business started to pick back up, many of those same fisheries were affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which spewed 210 million gallons of oil into the water.
In an area that some were starting to think must be cursed, fishermen began to rebuild their lives and once again got back to the water against all odds. They rebuilt their homes, boats, docks and facilities, getting back to what they do best as soon as they could.
Unfortunately, while fishermen were recovering, their markets were being slammed with a continuous flood of cheap imports. Now, 10 years after most people would’ve given up, fishermen are still at work.
We’re proud of the men and women who have stayed the course against all odds to continue providing quality gulf seafood from boat to throat.Add a comment Add a comment
Written by John DeSantis
Before Katrina and before the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Gulf of Mexico shrimp was suffering in the marketplace from competition with volumes of farm-raised, imported product.
In 2004, the year before Hurricane Katrina made landfall in prime Gulf of Mexico shrimp territory, the Louisiana Seafood Promotion and Marketing Board kicked off a cook-off in an effort to showcase wild American seafood. Little did they know what was really about to hit them. But their foresight set them up for recovery, long and slow though it has been.
In the aftermath of the spill, Louisiana tried to reclaim its markets. Fishermen and chefs played major roles in getting the word out, according to Ewell Smith, former director of the Louisiana Seafood Promotion and Marketing Board
“Before Katrina we had worked with chefs and did little PR pieces,” Smith said. “Then we created the Louisiana Chefs Council, and they became our ambassadors.”
The damage to oysters was an example of how wide-open communications channels to officials and the public at large helped address brand damage.
While some oysters were lost to oil, the overwhelming damage to the crop was from fresh water introduced to the ecosystem to combat the spill.
Today, there are more ways for consumers to know where their domestic seafood comes from, in many cases right down to the vessel and voyage.
The work done to offset the effects of the BP spill, economically, spiritually and emotionally, continues, although the crisis it caused is long gone.
Both chefs and fishermen have unanswered questions about the long-term effects the spill might have spawned, not in terms of seafood safety for consumers but the health of the resource itself.
Last weekend, Alaska chef Beau Schooler took the title of America’s Best Seafood Chef at the annual event. But Louisiana is never far behind. Chef Michael Brewer made seafood nachos and claimed third place. Second place went to Georgia’s Adam Evans, who prepared roasted (invasive) lionfish with Sapelo Island clams.
Read more about the Gulf Coast’s recovery in our September issue.Add a comment Add a comment
Written by Ashley Herriman
Bycatch was the byword when it came to National Fisherman’s most-read blog in July 2015, but suspicious boat fires, illegally caught abalone, and seafood slaves all were hot topics. Catch up on the blogs you may have missed last month.
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Written by Samuel Hill
A massive cleanup effort has been underway in Alaska over the past few weeks, as crews work to remove debris build-up from the 2011 tsunami in Japan that has accumulated along Alaska’s coast.
Debris has been floating across the Pacific and landing on West Coast and Alaska beaches for years, piling up on rocky coastline, which make removing it difficult.
Removal has proved to be too big of a project for Alaska to handle on its own, so with Japan agreeing to pay $5 million to help, crews have airlifted debris from shores and beaches that will be taken by barge to be sorted, recycled and destroyed at a waste management facility in Washington.
Teams from the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation and Gulf of Alaska Keeper, a group dedicated to removing marine debris from Alaska’s coast, have been hard at work.
The location of a lot of the debris — on remote shores and generally hard-to-reach places — prevented the use of heavy machinery. Crews took small boats to shore and piled them full of debris, searching narrow beaches backed by cliffs and into nearby forests. Once they landed, most traveling was done on foot and almost everything had to be removed by hand.
The sheer amount of debris that settled along the coast was a serious environmental problem. According to reports from members of Gulf of Alaska Keeper, the teams have managed to clean more than 1,500 miles of shoreline and rehabilitated a large amount of Alaskan habitat. Although a lot of these areas are remote and rarely used, there was always a potential for the debris to harm ocean habitats.
Read more in the Around the Coasts section of our September issue.Add a comment Add a comment
Written by Samuel Hill
On Wednesday, the Northeast Fisheries Science Center held a series of outreach meetings throughout New England to discuss the state of groundfish in the region and upcoming assessments of 20 stocks of the multispecies complex.
The information gathered during the assessments will be used to set annual catch limits. Recreational and (effectively) commercial codfishing have been closed in the Gulf of Maine because modeling data has not shown recovery of the stock despite a severe reduction in fishing effort. Preliminary survey data suggests that the quota could be lowered again.
One fisherman at the meeting in Portland, Maine, argued that the data can’t be accurate and that the surveyors and scientists working on the research project need the knowledge of local fishermen to get more accurate data from their trawl surveys.
“I think the survey’s too thin,” said Jim Odlin, trawl fleet owner and 2010 NF Highliner, during the meeting.
Odlin, along with other members of the industry at the meeting, said the cod population has recovered enough in the Gulf of Maine to see a higher quota and that fishing vessels are even avoiding certain areas in order to stay away from cod.
Odlin said his sector had voluntarily shut down operations at Platts Bank, or New Ledge, because there were simply too many cod. The risk of catching the choke species was too great to fish for other species there. The fleet spends a lot of time avoiding fish, he added.
But when the researchers fished for samples in that same area, they caught zero cod. Representatives from the science center explained that they look at a variety of fishing grounds while gathering data, not just hot spots, but industry folk said fish patterns are too unpredictable to base quotas on a single day.
Some days there are fish; some days there aren’t. Some tows bring in fish; some don’t.
Basing catch limits for a year or three on a single survey is problematic, especially when fishermen agree that researchers are towing in the wrong areas to begin with. Add that to the fact that the survey won’t include updated information on changes in natural mortality, reference points or new data streams, like cooperative research projects.
At the meeting, fishermen and science center reps agreed that there could be better communication between the two parties to help facilitate research and even discussed the possibility of conducting future surveys using working fishing vessels and crews.
The comments made at these meetings, which also took place in Gloucester, Woods Hole and New Bedford, Mass., were recorded, and the feedback from the community will be included in a final report.
Hopefully, something comes of this feedback, and we learn that what the fishermen see on the water and understand about their fisheries will count for something.Add a comment Add a comment
Written by Jes Hathaway
Freelance writer Victoria Minnich writes to tell us she’s been working the Wild West booth at the Tuna Harbor Dockside Market, a San Diego venue that allows local fishermen to sell their catch directly to the public. The market is down the street from Comic-Con, which helped to inspire Victoria’s Old Glory Rockfish illustration.
Dockside is an open-air market that carries the whole spectrum of seafood from a diversity of local fishing operations, ranging from small fishes (rockfish, sheephead, blackcod, sculpin, cabezon, ling cod) to larger fishes (yellowtail, white sea bass, albacore, and more unusually, yellowfin and bluefin tuna). And of course, we have our share of invertebrates (rock crab, box crab, spiny lobster, sea urchin, whelks, octopus, squid, etc.). It's fun when one of our fishermen is able to sell a completely oddball seafood item, like a wolf eel!
The market is closed on the Fourth, so get there by Friday to pick up your fresh, local catch. Wherever you are, we hope you’re eating American seafood on Independence Day. Happy Fourth!
Written by NF Staff
It's been five years since the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded on April 20, 2010, killing 11 workers and triggering the worst oil disaster in U.S. history. We know how much crude oil was pumped into the Gulf of Mexico — more than 200 million gallons — but the scope of its impact upon the region's marine life remains unclear.
Fears about the safety of eating gulf seafood have eased, and demand for it is there. But the region's fishermen are still struggling to regain their footing.
In this video, WDSU-TV in New Orleans takes a look at how the spill has affected the fishing industry in Grand Isle, La., one of the places hardest hit by the spill.
Written by Amber Petersen
Stakeholders from all streams of Michigan’s fisheries came together for an inaugural Seafood Summit on Thursday, March 12, in East Lansing. The Sea Grant event ambitiously united the Michigan Fish Producers Association (wild caught), Michigan Aquaculture Association (aquaculture), Great Lakes Chef Alliance, state legislators and Michigan Sea Grant staff to celebrate a common ground: Michigan Fish.
Workshops focused on Michigan’s established wild fishery and its emerging aquaculture industry and gave more than 100 attendees plenty of brain food. If fishermen felt uncomfortable, it was probably because aquaculture enthusiasts outnumbered them nine to one. The summit was a sober reminder of Michigan’s dwindling wild fishery and the state’s growing interest in aquaculture.
Farm-raised fish makes up more than 50 percent of an average seafood eater’s diet, and the United States is importing more than 90 percent of its seafood to fill American demand. As Michigan investigates the possibility of becoming an aquaculture leader, fishermen are faced with a hard question: How do we survive yet another threat to our livelihood?
Through a crippling history of invasive species, poor management, Tribal Consent Decrees that closed fishing grounds, and ultimately the conversion to a recreational fishery, Michigan’s commercial fishery has dwindled from hundreds of fishers to 35. In a state that boasts the most diverse freshwater fishery in the nation with more than 153 species, it relies on one species, the lake whitefish, to make up 90 percent of its commercial catch. It is little wonder that aquaculture advocates see Michigan as prime grounds to establish a leading aquaculture industry.
Michigan was one of the hardest hit states during the recession, leaving at its peak a statewide unemployment rate of 14 percent, with Detroit at 26 percent. We are beginning to recover, but it is a slow crawl. It would be irresponsible for state legislators to not investigate new small business opportunities. It would be equally irresponsible to disregard an already established branch of the same business the state looks to expand. Events like the Seafood Summit will be important for the balanced growth of Michigan’s wild and aquaculture industries, because both industries benefit from more Michigan fish on Michigander’s plates.
The closing banquet filled attendees’ plates and really stole the summit. It began with an hors d’oeuvres table loaded with Michigan produced seafood: wild whitefish liver mousse, cured lake trout with tomato jam, smoked lake whitefish and golden whitefish roe on caraway crackers, farm-raised smoked rainbow trout mousse and shrimp in diavola sauce on a fried saffron polenta cake. Each dish was paired with Michigan beer or wine, complements of New Holland Brewing in Holland, Mich. s
Smoked whitefish with a chestnut mushroom soup, grilled shrimp with cabbage cranberry ginger slaw, smoked trout over squid ink linguine, pecan-crusted rainbow trout and cornmeal crusted lake whitefish, again paired with beer or wine, filled out the five-course dinner. Hats off to Chefs Mathew Green, Matthew Millar, Michael Trombley Jenna Arcidiancono and Bradford Curlee for embracing Local Fish!
Amber Mae Petersen is the owner of the Fishmonger’s Wife, a fish wholesale, retail and processing business in Muskegon, Mich., and the wife of a fourth-generation Lake Michigan whitefish fisherman, Eric Petersen, who serves as president of the Michigan Fish Producers Association.
Want to see more? Check out our slideshow of Eric and Amber at work.
Written by Leslie Taylor
Each day, our editors scour news outlets from across the nation and the globe to find and share with you the most interesting and most relevant stories about commercial fishing. We update our site each morning with the latest news on regulations, sustainability and market trends -- everything you need to make informed decisions about your business.
But we know it's not always possible for those who work at sea to check in with us daily. So here's a handy list of the 10 most-read online news stories from the past 30 days.
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National Fisherman Live: 3/10/15
In this episode, Online Editor Leslie Taylor talks with Mike McLouglin, vice president of Dunlop Industrial and Protective Footwear.
National Fisherman Live: 2/24/15
In this episode:
March date set for disaster aid dispersal
Oregon LNG project could disrupt fishing
NOAA tweaks gear marking requirement
N.C. launches first commercial/recreational dock
Spiny lobster traps limits not well received
The National Marine Educators Association has partnered with NOAA this year to offer all conference attendees an educational session on how free NOAA data can add functionality to navigation systems and maritime apps.
Session topics include nautical charts, tides and currents, seafloor data, buoy networking and weather, among others.Read more...
NMFS announced two changes in regulations that apply to federal fishing permit holders starting Aug. 26.
First, they have eliminated the requirement for vessel owners to submit “did not fish” reports for the months or weeks when their vessel was not fishing.
Some of the restrictions for upgrading vessels listed on federal fishing permits have also been removed.Read more...