Written by Adrianne Madden
Tuesday, 09 December 2008
Can fishermen gain a greater voice in fisheries management?
One hopes so. But then again, fishermen — the folks who actually interact with finfish and shellfish regularly — don't seem to carry much clout when it comes to management or preservation of marine species.
So it'll be interesting to see whether the Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries and the New Hampshire Department of Fish & Game and Division of Marine Fisheries can convince a federal district court judge to provide relief from the Framework 42 regulations http://www.southcoasttoday.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081209/NEWS/812090339 that barely allow groundfishermen to wet a net.
Days at sea — and by extension the groundfish industry — are dwindling because regulators must comply with federal stock rebuilding mandates. Mind you, the Magnuson-Stevens Act requires that regulators consider the socioeconomic impact upon harvesters and fishing communities when crafting management measures. However, that rarely impacts management decisions.
That suggests groundfishermen won't gain any relief in the Framework 42 court battle that began Monday. But maybe there's hope yet that fishermen will obtain greater input into fisheries management.
In California, a Portland, Ore.-based non-profit group called Ecotrust is using an innovative software tool called Open OceanMap to collect data from fishermen http://www.sfgate.com/business/article/State-using-new-tech-device-to-manage-fisheries-3181748.php about what they feel are the most important fishing grounds. Via laptop, harvesters can privately mark on a nautical map where the grounds are and rank which ones are most valuable.
The state will use the resulting maps the data will help create to guide environmental policy under California's Marine Life Protection Act. The idea is to manage fishing grounds in a way that benefits fishermen as well as fish.
A cynic would say that platitude has been spouted before, and that when fishermen offer data, it's often used against them. But Evan Fox, principal planner for the California Marine Life Protection Act initiative, told the San Francisco Chronicle, "The Ecotrust data is really important to help avoid to the extent we can possible socioeconomic impacts."
Fishermen understandably may not be ready to hold hands with environmental groups and sing "Kumbaya." But it's refreshing to hear the words "socioeconomic impacts" coming from the conservation camp. If regulators and environmentalists really utilize fishermen's considerable knowledge and truly recognize the impact management regulations have upon fishing communities, then maybe there's hope of developing management plans that do indeed benefit fish and fishermen.
NMFS recently released a draft action plan for fish discard and release mortality science, creating a list of actions that they hope can better inform fisheries.
We know that fishermen have to deal with bycatch by discarding or releasing unwanted catch overboard, but there is a data gap regarding how those fish survive.Read more...
A new study has identified a set of features common to all ocean ecosystems that provide a visual diagnosis of the health of the underwater environment coastal communities rely on.
Together, the features detail cumulative effects of threats -- such as overfishing, pollution, and invasive species, allowing responders to act faster to increase ocean resiliency and sustainability.Read more...