National Fisherman

Boats & Gear 

Michael CrowleyThe Boats & Gear blog is overseen by our Boats & Gear editor, Michael Crowley. It explores new construction projects, electronics, gear and equipment for the commercial fishing industry.

How many of you have bought into an older fishing boat? Thirty-foot lobster boat or a big, old offshore trawler, you figured you knew what work needed to be done. But once the ripping and tearing out started, you were surprised at how much rebuilding was required to get the boat back fishing. And throw in a very limited time — say ten-and-a-half weeks — to complete the work before the boat has to be back fishing.

2016 0106 BG CMThe Cornelia Marie arrives at Seattle's Northlake Shipyard ready for 10 1/2 weeks of intensive work. Jeff Pond photo.That’s the situation described in the story “Not Your Dad’s Crab Boat” in National Fisherman’s February issue, when Roger Thomas and Kari Toivola bought into the 126-foot crabber the Cornelia Marie. Yup, the same boat that’s been featured on the Discovery Channel’s “Deadliest Catch.”

Despite the work required — replacing the main engines, generators and rebuilding part of the main deck — and what Thomas referred to as “a big obstacle,” which meant rebuilding the accommodation’s area and galley, the Cornelia Marie made in out of Seattle’s Northlake Shipyard in time to start its tendering contract in Bristol Bay.

And the work seems to have been worth it. Now the Cornelia Marie burns 900 to 1,000 gallons a day instead of the previous 1,400. And the noise levels in the accommodations area have been significantly reduced, to the point it’s possible to carry on a normal conversation. But check it out for yourself, starting on page 24 in the February issue.

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All right! Listen up all you highliners and deadbeats. Only a couple of days before — well, you know what I mean — Christmas. Kids are humming Christmas carols while lying near the tree at night, dreaming of eight tiny reindeer dropping down on the roof, landing a sleigh with that jolly old guy and all the toys that are on the lists they gave you. And your spouse, significant other, partner — whatever — continues to come up with a few more trinkets she needs to make up for all those days you’ve been at sea this past year.

2015 1222 BG suitWhite Glacier’s Arctic 25 immersion suit on display at Pacific Marine Expo. Doug Stewart photo.That’s why you’ve been wandering the store aisles with pockets crammed full of gift lists. Of course, as always, there’s someone you forgot. You know who it is. It’s you. So I’m here to remind you that it’s socially acceptable and not illegal to buy a Christmas gift for yourself.

To assist with your personal gift selection, once again I’m providing a few Christmas ideas from National Fisherman’s 2015 Product and AAG pages. Here are four items that are a worthy gift for you know who, starting with the September 2015 issue.

An onboard fire is something no one wants to experience, but if you do, you better have something that puts it out in a hurry. That would be the Flame Guard X-Tinguish FST. When there’s a fire in the engine room, or any other enclosed space, open the door, pull the yellow pin on the X-Tinguish FST, toss it in the room and close the door.

There’s an 8-second delay from the time the pin is pulled until the X-Tinguish FST is electronically activated. The fire should be out within seconds.

Despite the fact the fire is out within seconds, what if someone is injured in events surrounding the fire. You need a way to treat the injury. That’s when you need to be able to grab the Marine 600 Medical Kit, mentioned in NF’s July issue.

The Marine 600 Medical Kit is a supply of first-aid products and basic medical tools contained in a durable waterproof case that floats. The medical kit includes, among other things, medications to treat pain, inflammation, and common allergies. Fractures, sprains and swelling can be managed with a flexible C-Splint, triangular bandage, elastic bandage and cold packs.

If things really go south in a big hurry and you end up in the water, here are the last two gifts that you better have purchased. First, White Glacier’s Arctic 25, a cold water immersion suit that will keep you warm for 25 hours in 0-degree water, as shown in NF’s December issue.

If you don’t get the suit all the way on when you hit the water, zip in up and within 10 minutes your body temperature will be stabilized and within two hours you’ll be almost dry.

Of course, once you are in the water it’s a good idea to have a way to indicate your position. ACR Electronics Aurora Red Hand Flare, in NF’s May issue, does just that. Remove the cap, pull a cord and the flare is activated. At night it burns at 15,000 candelas for 60 seconds, about 21 times brighter than most other flares. During the day, bright smoke shows your position to a boat or rescue helicopter.

There you have it, four personal gifts that when you get in trouble will help you make it back to have another Christmas in 2016.

See you then with another list. Ho. Ho, Ho!

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Commercial fishing boats have to carry flares. It’s three flares inside of three miles. Three miles to 50 miles it’s six red flares, three smoke flares and three aerial flares. If you’re a commercial fisherman you know that. I shouldn’t be telling you something you don’t know.

A flare exercise. U.S. Navy photo.A flare exercise. U.S. Navy photo.Just packing the requisite number of flares isn’t enough. When things go south in a big hurry, when the boat heaves up and starts to go over, you best be able to get to those flares immediately. They don’t do you any good if you have to muck through some locker to find them.

But maybe things happen so fast you can’t get to the flares, no matter how easy their access. So life saving gear, especially the life raft, should have its required flares. If that hadn’t been the case when the 60-foot Leviathan II capsized, everyone would probably have drowned.

It was this past October 25, when two Canadians, Ken Brown and Clarence Smith, were longlining for halibut off British Columbia’s Vargas Island.

As they were hauling back their gear, Brown happened to turn around and see a single flare go off against the afternoon sky. According to news reports, that was the “only signal anyone could see from the capsized wreckage of the MV Leviathan II, which flipped so quickly there was no time to send a mayday call.”

The Leviathan II was a sightseeing boat with 27 people aboard. Brown and Smith hauled people out of the water and off a life raft and onto their boat, which is just shy of 20-feet long. Eventually they carried 13 survivors back to shore. Other boats rescued eight more. Five died and one was listed as missing.

There’s always a certain “what if” element to tragedies. “What if” Brown hadn’t turned around? “What if” that life raft hadn’t been equipped with a rocket flare?

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Noise; heavy, awkward weights; cold, wet weather — it’s all part of a fisherman’s life. It also helps make “commercial fishing the most challenging ergonomic environment,” said Jerry Dzugan, executive director of the Alaska Marine Safety Education Association in a Wednesday morning talk titled “Strains, Sprains and Pains: Ergonomics in the Maritime Industry."

“Anything to do with the body is an ergonomic issue,” said Dzugan. That’s another way of saying the goal of a smart work environment is to adapt the work station to be as efficient and comfortable as possible for the workers.

2015 1118 JerryDzuganJerry Dzugan. Photo: Doug StewartA simple principle is that the further a weight is from the body the more the body is stressed. So a fish plant worker constantly bending over a large table to pull halibut to her would be better served with a narrower table so she wouldn’t have to bend over as much.

Dzugan gave several examples of proper posture when handling heavy weights and some surprising examples of the forces at play on a body. One photo showed a 6-foot 2-inch, 185-pound man reaching out to pick up a pen. Dzugan says that action has the same compressive forces on the body as lifting an 80-pound box.

Translate that to fishing and “a fisherman bending over to pick up line all day off the deck could end up with 1,000 pounds of compressive forces on his back by the end of the day,” said Dzugan.

It didn’t take long before the audience was grasping the difference between good and poor work habits. So when Dzugan offered up a photo on the screen of deck hands loading crab into a brailer and asked from ergonomic point of view what was wrong in the photo, several people pointed out that the brailer was too high. Throwing the crabs into the brailer meant the deckhands had to lift the crabs above their shoulders over and over again, risking an injury to the shoulders. The simple solution: lower the brailer.

Visit the AMSEA booth — 1128 — or their website to get your own pocket guide to ergonomics.

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Sponsoning a steel boat is not unusual. But sponsoning a fiberglass hull is a different story. Early last summer, the 56-foot fiberglass seiner Freedom left Platypus Marine in Port Angeles, Wash., after a sponsoning that pushed her beam out from 15 to 20 feet.

Today at 2:15, Platypus Marine’s Bruce Bryant will talk about the sponsoning on the East Hall’s Main Stage.

2015 1111 BG Showdaily1Bruce Bryant. Platypus Marine photo.Bryant will focus on how to make sponsoning financially feasible. Included in that discussion will be determining if sponsoning should even be considered. “Cost is the most critical factor,” Bryant says. “No sense putting expensive sponsoning on a boat that’s not worth anything.”

Bryant will explain the decision making progress from the early design stages to completion. The emphasis of the session will be on sponsoning a fiberglass hull, using the Freedom as an example, but Bryant will include steel as well.

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How safe is commercial fishing? Well, if you compare it to an earlier time, say, 1877 to 1881, it’s a lot safer. In that five-year period, 452 fishermen died and 65 fishing vessels never made it back to port. That’s just for the port of Gloucester, Mass.

2015 1104 Stability Rocker BG SafetyAMSEA uses the stability rocker in training sessions to show stability principles. AMSEA photo.Putting that five-year period up against a more recent one — 2010 to 2014 — finds that 188 fishermen died nationwide, as opposed to over 400 from a single port. That’s part of a 34 percent decline in commercial fishing fatalities between 2000 and 2014, based on figures from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

While the fatality numbers from the 1800s and the fatality figures for the 21st century are fortunately very different, the leading causes are similar: man overboard, stability issues and flooding. “If those problems could be eliminated,” says Jerry Dzugan with the Alaska Marine Safety Education Association in Sitka, “you would cut the fatality rates in the fisheries by almost 80 percent.” He’s quoted in “A Way of Life” in the December issue of National Fisherman on page 48.

In that issue, there are a couple of examples of projects to reduce the numbers of fatalities due to stability and man overboard issues. One is AMSEA’s stability rocker that it uses in its training courses to help fishermen visualize stability concepts.

The other is a pilot project led by Julie Sorensen with the Northeast Center for Occupational Health and Safety in Cooperstown, N.Y., to understand the barriers to wearing PFDs among lobstermen in Maine and Massachusetts.

Part of that study is not only figuring out why fishermen don’t wear PFDs but why marine supply stores don’t carry PFDs appropriate for fishermen.

The December story features one PFD designed specifically for fishermen. That’s Kent Safety Products Rogue flotation vest. Check out “A Way of Life.” That Kent PFD might be for you.

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The Coast Guard has had several regulations pending. The first deadline just passed. It was Oct. 15 and required your boat to complete a mandatory dockside safety examination. Three more are due by the end of March. If you miss any of them it just might cost you a bunch of money and loss of fishing time. Fortunately, there are a couple of events coming up that should make it easier and perhaps cheaper to meet the requirements.

2015 0928 SAFETYPetty officer Fernando Brown out of Portland, Ore., heads out for another day of safety inspections. Michael Rudolph photo.A regulation that won’t affect that many boat owners requires fishing boats to be equipped with a VHF radiotelephone installation, which must have DSC capability. However, it only applies to boats of 300 gross tons or more.

The DSC equipped VHF has to be hooked up by Jan. 20, 2016. The regulation applies to boats operating within 20 miles of the East, West, and Gulf coasts, as well as Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Virgin Islands. However, Alaska isn’t included, as it does not yet have the infrastructure to support digital selective calling.

A pending requirement due to affect far more fishermen concerns survival equipment and is scheduled to start Feb. 16, 2016. This is part of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010 that was to have gone into effect Jan. 1, 2015 but was put off until this coming February.

By Feb. 15, if you don’t have a survival raft that “ensures that no part of an individual is immersed in the water” and you fish outside of three miles, you probably will find your boat tied to the dock.

In other words, ditch that World War II-type raft with its buoyant ring around the outside and webbing stretched across the inside. And get rid of any buoyant apparatus designed to support people in the water.

The last ruling requires commercial fishing boats 65 feet or longer to have an Automatic Identification System installed by March 2, 2016.

The benefit of AIS is that it enhances your awareness of boats operating nearby — as long as they also have an AIS unit — and those same boats know where you are.

Only class-B AIS is required though you can opt for the more effective class-A. The Coast Guard estimates that this ruling affects 2,906 fishing boats.

That many potential sales might be why ACR has just come out with new class-A and class-B AIS transceivers. They are the AISLink CA1 and AISLink CB1. It might also be part of the reason a Swedish outfit received type approval to market its class-B AIS unit starting this summer. It’s the CTRX Graphene.

No matter if you are looking for a VHF radio, inflatable lifesaving equipment an AIS unit or all three, it would be best to buy it as soon as possible, thus avoiding that last minute rush and maybe having to accept a product that’s not your first choice. Again, if you don’t meet the Coast Guard requirement, you will probably pay a penalty for noncompliance.

An event making the task of avoiding being shut down by the Coast Guard easily avoidable and perhaps saving you money on the new equipment is Pacific Marine Expo held in Seattle Nov. 18 – 20. More than 450 exhibitors will be there and many will be carrying just the gear that meets the Coast Guard’s new regulations.

If you miss that event, there’s always the International WorkBoat Show in New Orleans on Dec. 1 -3. Both shows have great shopping opportunities with chances to compare products for both features and price.

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Owning a fishing boat can be a long journey, one marked with storms survived, full fish holds and with any luck, a few deck loads. Those are the ones you like to spin tales around — “Remember when we plugged the (fill in the blank)? She was so low in the water the guys on the dock thought she would sink.”

There’s also apt to be some broker trips where you don’t clear expenses and the crew ends up in the hole. After you’ve been in the game for any length of time, you’ll be developing a close relationship with a boatyard.

2015 1007 BG missbirdieThe Miss Birdie gets a complete overhaul at Fred Wahl Marine Construction. Fred Wahl Marine Construction photo.Equipment breaks down and needs replacing, and if you are in a very competitive fishery you are likely to want the boat lengthened, sponsoned or both. Throw in a repower or two and you’ve written out a few large checks.

Eventually, you have to make a decision: do a major rebuild or buy a new boat. Even with an extensive rebuild, some of the boat is still going to be old. Money is obviously a key factor. Do you want to — can you afford to — pay for a new boat?

That was the decision Stan Schones, the owner of the 77-foot Miss Berdie, was faced with in 2014. It was probably the toughest decision Schones has made on his journey with the Miss Berdie, which started when she was built in 1987 at Rodriquez Boat Builders in Bayou LaBatre, Ala.

It’s a story that’s told in “Wahl Overhaul” in the November issue of National Fisherman on page 30. “Wahl,” of course, refers to Fred Wahl Marine Construction where the Miss Berdie has made more than one appearance, starting back in 1992. The most recent began in November 2014.

The original idea was no more extensive than a sponsoning and repowering. What took place was entirely different, because as Wahl said, “Everywhere we went. We had to tear something else apart.”

Not much of the boat that showed up in Reedsport went back in the water. But what did go in the water seems perfectly capable of embarking upon the next stage of the Miss Berdie and Stan Schones long journey.

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OK, so you don’t like some of the edicts from the Coast Guard telling you what you need on your boat to meet safety standards, and — as all your buddies know and are tired of hearing — you’ve done plenty of complaining about them lately; or maybe you think there are some areas requiring tougher laws. For one, you’d like to see more stringent standards regarding training.

Either way, here’s a chance to stop complaining and help make some changes. The Commercial Fishing Vessel Safety Advisory Committee, which provides advice and makes recommendations to the Coast Guard and Department of Homeland Security regarding the operation of commercial fishing boats, is looking for applicants to fill six positions that will become available in May 2016.

2015 0928 SAFETYPetty officer Fernando Brown out of Portland, Ore., heads out for another day of safety inspections. Michael Rudolph photo.You will have to go to at least one meeting a year. This year’s meeting just concluded in Seattle. The issue discussed included the Alternate Compliance Program, survival craft issues, mandatory exams and training. You’ll also be on a committee requiring you to communicate with other members of the committee.

You will be signing up for a three-year term with no more than two terms served consecutively. There’s no pay for being on the committee but you will get reimbursed for travel and per diem expenses.

Four of the six positions are open to people from the commercial fishing industry; one is open to someone from the general public familiar with the fishing industry, and the sixth is for a naval architect and marine engineer with knowledge of fishing boats and fishing communities.

You will need to send a cover letter to Jack Kemerer, chief of the Coast Guard’s Fishing Vessel Safety Division. Included should be “a resume and a discussion about why they think they should be appointed and their experience,” says Kemerer. The application needs to be completed before Nov. 17, 2015 according to the announcement in the Federal Register.

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OK, you’ve got a boat built in the 1980s or early ’90s. It’s old, the steel has some bad spots and you can’t pack enough product to be competitive. And there are some safety issues.

There are two immediate options, build a new boat or sponson and lengthen what you’ve got. But even after sponsoning and lengthening, much of the boat is still old — tired steel and welds. The same goes for the machinery, piping and electrical systems. Even the sea valves are old. How long has it been since you’ve serviced those? A sea valve lets go and you can be in big trouble.

2014 0322 SeinersThe 58-foot Isle Dominator and Magnus Martens tied up at Seattle's Fishermen's Terminal shortly after being launched in 2013 from Fred Wahl Marine Construction in Reedsport, Ore. Jessica Hathaway photo.But building new? Hell, who can afford it, now that boats 50 feet and over have to be classed? That could jack the price up by 30 to 40 percent. Another option is to build a boat just under 50 feet, but you don’t want to do that because you fish a lot in heavy weather and you’d feel safer in a bigger boat.

What to do?

Well there may be another option. Currently, both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate have passed bills for the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2015 that amend the previous Coast Guard Authorization Act that contains the classification ruling.

The Senate bill covers boats from 50 to 190 feet overall length built after Jan. 1, 2016. A registered professional engineer must design the boat to standards equivalent to those prescribed by a classification society.

Since many naval architects already design to ABS standards, it would appear that’s all that’s needed. There’s no mention of classification society approval or active involvement. So classification societies and their accompanying costs are removed from the project.

The same goes for overseeing the building of the boat. A marine surveyor, not someone from a classification society, can be the person in charge.

The bill out of the House of Representatives focuses on boats 50 to 79 feet built after July 1, 2017, and says only that, “the vessel complies with an alternative safety compliance program.” No mention of a classification society.

Now the House and Senate have to work out the differences between the two bills. There’s always the chance that they won’t be able to come to a common agreement. and then classifying boats 50 feet and over will still be in effect. Hopefully that won’t happen. By the end of the year we should know the outcome.

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Page 2 of 13

Inside the Industry

The Downeast Salmon Federation has received a major grant from the U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities to ensure and improve the water quality of eastern Maine’s most important rivers, according to the Ellsworth American.


Louisiana crab fishermen and their catch are feeling the pressure of a downturn in the state economy, and a resulting upturn of people entering the fishery.

“It’s a crazy business right now,” said Pete Gerica, the New Orleans fisherman who now serves as president or the Louisiana Crab Task Force, a legislatively-created board of industry voices that makes recommendations to state government.


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