National Fisherman

Boats & Gear 

Michael CrowleyThe Boats & Gear blog is overseen by our Boats & Gear editor, Michael Crowley. It explores new construction projects, electronics, gear and equipment for the commercial fishing industry.

2014 ergonomicsJerry Dzugan demonstrates how to lift heavy items safely.Hands that are painful to open, a sore back, shoulders that constantly ache — all these and more are aliments that seem to be part of the commercial fishing game.

“I had times when I couldn’t feel my hands when fishing,” says Jerry Dzugan at his Wednesday presentation on “Strains, Sprains and Pains: Ergonomics for Mariners” at the Keynote Stage. 

Dzugan, now with the Alaska Marine Safety Education Association, says, “All mariners have problems with these injuries but not much is being done about it.”

Dzugan and AMSEA are trying to change that with training sessions and presentations like yesterday’s showing fishermen that by changing tools and the work area they can be more efficient, comfortable and work longer with less pain. 

Using a video with photos and drawings — plus audience participation — Dzugan showed the effects of improper lifting and bad posture.

Dzugan offered bits of advice: avoid twisting the spine to lift something; when cleaning fish, keep the work 4 to 6 inches below the elbow; keep a load close to the body; and tighten stomach muscles and exhale when lifting.    

Add a comment

2014.11.19 crowleyIf you want to build a new fishing boat that’s over 50 feet and fishes outside of three miles, it’s going to cost you a lot more money than it did before July 1, 2013, because it now has to be designed, constructed and maintained to classification society standards.

You will also run up additional costs on boats 79 feet and over that now must be load-lined. The new rules were developed in the 2010 Coast Guard Authorization Act.

If you're attending Pacific Marine Expo, you can learn how to negotiate through the Authorization Act’s rules at the Classification and Load Lines for Fishing Boats conference today at 3 p.m. in Room C1.

After giving a brief history of the new rules, naval architects Hal Hockema and John Myers, both of Hockema & Whalen Associates in Seattle, will guide you through both the issues involved with having a boat meet load line approval and working with a classification society. They’ll discuss what to expect during the designing and building process and after the boat is completed.

Add a comment

PME2013 BeerGarden JoomlaThere will be a drawing each day in the ZF beer garden at Pacific Marine Expo for tickets to watch the Seattle Seahawks play the Arizona Cardinals on Sunday, Nov. 23.OK guys and gals. Listen up! It’s that time again. It’s time for Pacific Marine Expo. In case you’ve been dozing in the bunk for the past couple of months, dreaming of plugged fish holds and wild nights on the town between trips, well shake it up because PME starts next Wednesday, Nov. 19, and runs for three days at Seattle’s CenturyLink Field Event Center.

It’s the perfect place to find the newest fishing gear, electronics, clothing, engines — you name it. Just about anything that’s needed for your boat will be there. Lots of people have outfitted new boats and repair projects right on the show floor. Bring a shopping list and wander the aisles. I guarantee you a lot of things can be had at less than top dollar.

There are also plenty of conferences and talks: some will help you fish safer, some will help you get organized to save time and money and a couple will explain pending rules and regulations. An example of the latter is the program on Friday, “An Update on Commercial Fishing Vessel Safety Mandates and Development of Alternate Safety Compliance Programs” with the Coast Guard’s Jack Kemerer and Troy Rentz and Joar Bengaard, a consultant with DNV GL in Houston.

Then there’s the talk on a subject that periodically must drift across every fisherman’s vision. That’s Wednesday’s keynote address when John Aldridge, a New York lobsterman, talks about how, after falling overboard, he survived 12 hours in the water with only a pair of boots to keep him afloat.

At the end of the day, it’s time for happy hour in the ZF beer garden. Each day there will be a drawing there for a pair of tickets to see the Seattle Seahawks host the Arizona Cardinals on Sunday, Nov. 23.

So get there anyway you can: bus, car, plane, side-door Pullman — that’s a boxcar — and we’ll see you there. In the beer garden for sure.

Add a comment

Moisture can be a problem for radome-type radars, as Kevin Kinirons, who lives in Brick N.J., and works in the marine construction business, found out for himself. 

10.30.14 simradSimrad Yachting’s Broadband 3G Radar features a breather hole that is designed to prevent moisture buildup in its radome. Simrad Yachting photoKinirons bought one of the first Simrad Yachting Broadband 3G radars for his 28-foot Pearson cabin cruiser in 2011. He likes it enough that he says he’d buy another one, even after dealing with a moisture problem that developed earlier this year.

Even though he says it was “fairly pricey,” he bought the broadband unit because of its advanced features. He also he liked that it weighed very little — 16 pounds.

Then this past spring the radar stopped working. He talked to a Simrad technician who told him to switch some wires. When that didn’t work, Kinirons says, “he told me to take the radome apart. I said, ‘There’s a seal.’ He says, ‘take the dome apart and check for moisture.’”

Kinirons says he pulled the dome apart and found “well in excess of a coffee cup of water. That seems to have shorted everything out.” All the metal inside the dome was discolored and “that was halfway up on the rotating part.”

The warranty had run out on Kinirons’ radar. However, Simrad said he was covered, “even though I was out of warranty time-wise.” Kinirons says he assumes he got warranty coverage because the moisture build-up problem “was a design flaw, kind of like General Motors.”

Simrad Yachting’s technical support team says there is a weep hole in the bottom. “They always had a weep hole. You can’t say they didn’t have a drain,” Simrad technician Mark Dexter says.

Dexter attributed the problem to improper installation, saying, “If it’s installed where the [the weep hole] is covered, it’s possible that as the radar heats and cools moisture could build up.” However the radar had been operating without any problems for over two years.

Dexter adds that Simrad, “in an effort to avoid this, they did make an engineering change,” referring to it as “a breather hole.”

A month after Kinirons sent back the damaged radar he received a new unit. The only money he had to put out was $60 for shipping. The new radome does what the old one didn’t — drains moisture. “They did put a drain in the back; it’s very obvious to see,” Kinirons says. He guesses it has a pressure-release valve that makes it difficult for moisture to enter the radome but easily vents moisture.

Now, he says, the new Simrad 3G radar “is working just fine. And I’d buy another unit today.”

Kinirons, who is a longtime National Fisherman reader, obviously doesn’t have to take his Pearson cabin cruiser out in snotty weather to earn a living hauling fishing gear, but he says he feels fishermen should know about the radome problem he experienced. If you’re in limited visibility and the radar quits “in a place like Maine or Alaska, you don’t just run aground,” he says, “you go up on the rocks.”

Add a comment

Operators in fishing fleets anywhere in the U.S. that operate outside 3 nautical miles should take note of what the Alaska Independent Tenderman's Association has done. Not doing so could cost you a lot of money and long-term aggravation.

First, you have to realize that beginning July 1, 2020, boats 50 feet and over that operate outside 3 nautical miles, were built before July 1, 2013 and are 25 years old by 2020, or are built on or before July 1, 2013 and undergo a substantial change to their dimensions will be subject to construction and maintenance standards in the Alternate Safety Compliance Program.

The program is an attempt to reduce the number of casualties in the fishing fleets. The question has always been what will those rules be? Will a Gulf of Mexico shrimper be held to the same standards as a Bering Sea crabber? For that matter, will an Alaska salmon tender have to adhere to the same construction and maintenance rules as an Alaska freezer trawler?

The latter comparison is what got the Alaska Independent Tenderman's Association's attention. Alaska's freezer trawlers and freezer longliners, the H&G fleets, were subject to something called the Alternate Compliance Safety Agreement, and for a while it looked like other fishing fleets would be held to the same standards.

2014 1023 Boats and Gear tender slideheader3The Alaska Tenderman's Association's risk assessment of its fleet concluded that the tendering fleet is a relatively low-risk group. Alaska Tenderman's Association photo"At the time we were hearing that if you don't do anything, the agreement would be applied to your fleet," says Lisa Terry, association's executive director. "We looked at that agreement, saw what they were required to do and mildly freaked out."

The risks associated with the tendering fleet were not nearly the same as those the H&G boats face. So the tenderman's association elected to be proactive and develop a risk assessment study of their fleet to understand the scope, nature and causes of tender vessel incidents in the 17th Coast Guard district.

The group talked with the local Coast Guard, hired a consultant and gathered data from their own members, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the Coast Guard database for the period from 2000 to 2012.

Based on the number of fatalities (three in three separate incidents) and the number of casualties — 21, caused by things such as fires, flooding, collisions, human error and a rogue wave — the conclusion was that the tendering fleet "is a relatively low-risk group," says Terry. "Since we are low risk, we should address our risks and not apply engineering solutions to structural risks we didn't seem to have."

The report is a 42-page document "The Simple Truths of Safety at Sea for the Alaska Tender Fleet: a Study of Tenders in the 17th Coast Guard District" that was presented to a recent meeting of the Coast Guard and the Commercial Fishing Vessel Safety Advisory Committee in Providence, R.I.

Beyond that, the tenderman's association has begun a voluntary inspection plan with the Coast Guard and is developing a best practices manual for the fleet. Terry says the goal is that when the compliance program takes effect "there won't be a transition. We'll already be doing a lot of what's to be expected."

Add a comment

Falling overboard is the second leading cause of death among commercial fishermen. Over the years, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health office in Anchorage, Alaska,  has done a lot to reduce the number of man overboard deaths in the fishing fleets by encouraging fishermen to wear PFDs. 

20141014 Salty poster1-IfYouCanSwimPosters, bumper stickers and beverage coasters are among the promotional materials that feature fictional fisherman Angus Iversen in the National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety’s Live to be Salty campaign to increase fishermen’s use of PFDs. NIOSH photoTheir efforts have had some successes: The Alaska Scallop Association has a 100 percent PFD policy while on deck for its member boats, and the 8-boat Mariner fleet of Alaska crabbers also has a PFD policy for its crews.

But NIOSH figures there’s still a long way to go so they’ve hired a fisherman to help promote PFD use. He’s Angus Iversen and appears to be a crusty old fart who is quick with a one-liner.

Actually that’s not completely true. He is quick with a one-liner, but Iversen isn’t a real fisherman, he’s a character portrayed by an actor who is the center of NIOSH’s Live to be Salty campaign

You’ll find Iversen’s image on large posters and cardboard cutout displays in gear shops, trade shows and a bar or two. His image and pithy quotes also grace bumper stickers, beverage coasters and apparel stickers.

Fisherman or not, Iversen lets you know who’s boss. “If you can swim the Bering Sea, you’re a better man than me. And you aren’t.” That’s one of his favorites.

Go to the Live to be Salty website and print out posters, bumper stickers and beverage coasters featuring Angus Iversen and his views on fishing safety. And next time you’re at the local gear shop, try on a PFD. As Iversen says, “Sure PFDs get in the way. In the way of you DROWNING.”

Add a comment

With all the navigation electronics boats are packing around and on a day where conditions were said to be full light, no fog or squalls you would think a collision between two boats, especially when one of them is a 110-foot Coast Guard cutter, could be avoided.

2014fvSeaShepherd sinks 1562264 blogA Sept. 23 collision off Puerto Rico between the Coast Guard cutter Key Largo and the lobster boat Sea Shepherd resulted in the 42-footer's sinking. U.S. Coast Guard photoBut Sept. 23 at 6:38 in the morning, the steel hulled cutter Key Largo and the 42-foot fiberglass lobster boat Sea Shepherd found each other, nine miles East-Northeast of Vieques, Puerto Rico.

Winston Ledee, 57, the Sea Shepherd’s owner, and his crewman, Kenneth “Scott” Turbe, 30, saw the cutter coming at them just before it hit, according to one news account, and they jumped ship.

The U.S. Virgin Islands-based Sea Shepherd went to the bottom, leaving lobster traps floating on the sea’s surface. The two men were taken aboard the Key Largo and while neither was injured, both were shook up.

Three days later Ledee told the Virgin Islands Daily News, “Physically, I’m good. Mentally, I’m not. This is a nightmare.”

Two days after the accident, the boat recovery company Sea Tow, with four divers aboard, unsuccessfully tried to locate Ledee’s boat. The water depth in the area is between 600 and 2,000 feet.

According to the Coast Guard, three investigations are examining the accident. The National Transportation Safety Board will try to determine the cause of the accident and make recommendations for avoiding similar outcomes.

The Coast Guard is directing a safety analysis investigation to also identify causal factors leading up to the mishap. It is tasked with identifying organization and systematic changes to reduce such mishaps.

The Coast Guard’s Seventh District Commander is looking at accountability and assessing financial claims against the Coast Guard.

The Seventh District investigation should be the first completed. Results are expected by late November. 

Add a comment

David Peterson, a boatwright in Trinidad, Calif., has two passions he’s willing to share with readers of this magazine: One is repairing wooden commercial fishing boats, which is how he makes his living, and the other is historical research. The more the research involves older wooden fishing boats, the happier he is. 

20141002 Corregidor blog2014That National Fisherman and its readers benefit from those driving forces is clearly seen in Peterson’s story “A tough act to follow” in our November issue. It’s the story of the Corregidor, a 71-year-old fishing boat that started out in 1943 albacore and mackerel trolling off Southern California. A decade later she was in Eureka, Calif., where she is still fishing.

Peterson’s story is a tale not only of the Corregidor but also of her builder, Ora Wesley Murray, who as a 12-year old in 1893 left his parents in Coffeyville, Kan., to be a cowboy and drive cattle to Colorado.

Then there’s a couple of tough old Corregidor captains, William “Red” Gillette, the boat’s original owner and George Collins who brought the boat to Eureka. Peterson tracked down Gillette’s great granddaughter on Ancestry.com and she provided information and the photo that opens the story with the Corregidor tied to a pier in San Pedro, Calif., during WW II.

There’s also the explosion that blew planks off the Corregidor and a boarding sea that flooded the wheelhouse. But enough teasers: Check it out for yourself on page 28.

Add a comment

Littering probably isn’t the problem it once was in this country. Many towns have recycling centers and there are fines for littering. In Massachusetts, if you toss your cigarette out the window on the Interstate it’s not just a slap on the wrist and a lecture on keeping the roads and neighborhoods clean, it’s a crime.

2014 925 Derelict blue crab trapA derelict blue crab trap found in Chesapeake Bay still contains crab. A recent NOAA study looks at the effect of derelict fishing gear upon targeted and non-targeted species in seven fisheries around the country. NOAA photoOnce you leave land and head out to sea there’s a different kind of littering: it’s not something you see but it has an impact. When fishermen — commercial or recreational — lose or discard traps or nets it becomes what’s called derelict fishing gear. And when that gear still catches fish it’s ghost fishing, affecting targeted and non-targeted species.

In Southeast Alaska it’s estimated there are 3,072 derelict traps holding 6,525 Dungeness crabs at any given time. Those figures are a part of a NOAA ghost fishing study entitled “Out of sight but not out of mind: Harmful effects of derelict traps in selected U.S. coastal waters,” that appeared in the September 2014 issue of Marine Pollution Bulletin

There have been regional studies to try and understand the degree of trap loss but there haven’t been any that look at ghost fishing as a national problem with species specific ecological and environmental impacts. 

NOAA is trying to do just that by, initially, bringing together data from seven fisheries — Dungeness crab in Alaska and Puget Sound, blue crab in Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina, spiny lobster in Florida, and coral reef fish in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

The NOAA study focuses on the number of derelict fishing traps in each fishery and their impact on fishermen, target and non-target species and the habitat.

Various methods were used to locate abandoned or lost fishing gear, including divers, side-scan sonar and cameras mounted on a towed sled, ROV or fixed arm from the boat.

The highest density of abandoned gear is in the Maryland portion of Chesapeake Bay with 28 to 75 derelict fish traps per square kilometer. Puget Sound had 44 per square kilometer, and 32 percent of those traps were ghost fishing, with 21 dead crabs and 49 live crabs taken from them.

The fishing grounds around St. John Island in the U.S. Virgin Islands had the lowest density of lost traps at 5 per square kilometer.

The estimated time traps ghost fish varies from 0.3 years in the Virgin Island to more than 6 years in Alaska. Though as the report notes, “some of the traps surveyed were still ghost fishing, which suggests that our estimates of ghost fishing time are conservative.”

The economic impact of ghost fishing can be considerable. The report’s authors estimate that in Puget Sound each year derelict fish traps kill 178,874 Dungeness crabs worth more than $744,000 or 4.5 percent of the annual average harvest. 

The report concludes with some suggestions for a derelict fishing trap management program. That includes educating fishing communities on the impact of derelict traps, removing derelict traps, low-cost disposal options and new trap designs. To read the Marine Pollution Bulletin article in full, click here.

Add a comment

If your fishing boat is less than 79 feet then starting Dec. 19, it looks like you will have to start complying with the EPA’s Small Vessel General Permit for Discharges Incidental to the Normal Operation of Vessels Less than 79 Feet. That’s the whole title; the shortened version is sVGP. It’s designed to reduce incidental discharges for boats operating within three miles of the coastline and in the Great Lakes.

Add a comment

Read more...

Page 1 of 7

National Fisherman Live

National Fisherman Live: 11/06/14

In this episode:

NOAA report touts 2013 landings, value increases
Panama fines GM salmon company Aquabounty
Gulf council passes Reef Fish Amendment 40
Maine elver quota cut by 2,000 pounds
Offshore mussel farm would be East Coast’s first

 

Inside the Industry

Fishermen in Western Australia captured astonishing footage this week as a five-meter-long great white shark tried to steal their catch, ramming into the side of their boat.
 
Read more...
EAST SAND ISLAND, Oregon—Alexa Piggott is crawling through a dark, dusty, narrow tunnel on this 62-acre island at the mouth of the Columbia River. On the ground above her head sit thousands of seabirds. Piggott, a crew leader with Bird Research Northwest, is headed for an observation blind from which she'll be able to count them.
 
Read more...
Try a FREE issue of National Fisherman

Fill out this order form, If you like the magazine, get the rest of the year for just $14.95 (12 issues in all). If not, simply write cancel on the bill, return it, and owe nothing.

First Name
Last Name
Address
Country
U.S. Canada Other

City
State/Province
Postal/ Zip Code
Email